Thonga Beach Lodge
Lake Sibaya has 100km of untouched shoreline and, at 70 square kilometres, is South Africa’s largest freshwater lake. The lake falls within the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, now a World Heritage Site, and the Ramsar Convention assures its international conservation status.
The lake’s diverse flora provides a variety of habitats for birds, mammals and aquatic life. Research reveals that hundreds of years ago the lake was once connected to the sea and with the natural closure of the estuary, numerous fish and aquatic creatures were trapped in a fresh water environment.
Lake Sibaya contains the second largest population of hippopotamus and crocodile in KwaZulu-Natal and is an important breeding, feeding and roosting area for a host of bird species. Surface water in the surrounding coastal plain often disappears completely during dry spells, making the lake the only source of permanent water for birds and mammals.
The wetland also supports many of the rural people of this region, who in many cases are totally dependent on the water resource and its associated flora and fauna. Good management, careful conservation and controlled use of resources make Lake Sibaya an example of the concept ‘wise use in action’.
Lake Sibaya and its feeder streams support eighteen species of fish. The fauna reflects a marine origin and has close affinities with tropical forms. A freshwater goby (Silhouetta sibayi) is almost endemic to this water system, as very few records of it have been received from other localities.
Thonga Beach Lodge, South Africa, offers nightly turtle tracking activities from 1 November until 28 February every year. These tours can be done either on the back of an open game viewing vehicle or on foot. The turtle drive can only be done close to low tide and both tours are done at night when the turtles come out to lay their eggs or the hatchlings make a dash for the sea. The turtle drive can only leave one hour before low tide, so this can mean some very late nights, but seeing these magnificent creatures on our remote beaches is always worth the effort.
iSimangaliso Wetland Park has awarded Thonga Beach Lodge the opportunity of conducting Turtle Tours along its treasured coastline. In order to preserve the delicate balance of nature and the natural nesting patterns of the turtles, a strict policy is in place allowing for as little disturbance to the turtles as possible. Our experienced guides will ensure that you have opportunities to view and sometimes photograph these magnificent creatures, but without disrupting their cycle of laying their eggs on our beaches.
During the ‘turtle season’, iSimangaliso Wetland Park have allowed Thonga Beach Lodge only one 4×4 vehicle to conduct turtle tours, once per night. This is timed carefully with the low tide between the months of 1 Nov to 28 Feb.
The vehicle can carry a maximum of 10 guests at one time, so space for the turtle drives is restricted. We try our utmost to let everyone who wishes to do a turtle drive have the opportunity of doing one during their stay. Due to the popular demand for these tours guests staying less than 3 nights might not get the opportunity of doing a Turtle Drive. Those unable to join a turtle drive can always join on the turtle walk. The drives are charged per person and cannot be pre-booked.
Thonga Beach Lodge also offers the opportunity of tracking the turtles on foot. This is a wonderful alternative or compliment to the turtle drive. Our guided Turtle walks are complimentary and guests are welcome to go on as many of these walks as they wish. There is no limit to the number of guests walking at one time.
Research has shown that the mother returns to the same beach and that eggs are laid within metres of where the mother emerged as a hatchling years previously. Guests can view the turtles as they are laying and every precaution is taken to ensure the turtles are not disturbed.
These magnificent creatures return to the Maputuland coastline every year, having swum the length of the African continent, and return to the beach where they hatched.
There are a number of different turtles found off the coast of Maputuland but only two of these lay their eggs on the Maputuland coast: the Leatherback and Loggerhead turtles. Thonga Beach Lodge has also recorded the only known nesting by a Green Turtle along the South African coast, however this is incredibly rare.
Due to the conservation efforts of the KZN Wildlife since the early 1960s lead by Dr George Hughes the turtle population along the Maputaland coast is stable however worldwide these turtles are under severe threat. In 1966 only 5 Leatherbacks nested on the Maputaland coast, today there are more than 90 Leatherbacks that nest. The Loggerhead turtles that nest along the Maputaland coast now number in excess of 500 nesting females, thanks to conservation efforts.
The turtles lay their eggs along the sandy beaches of Northern KwaZulu-Natal mostly at night. As with crocodiles, the temperature of the eggs dictates the sex of the hatchlings 20-24 degrees Celsius produces males, while 29 degrees Celsius or more results in females. Clutches laid in mid-season will produce both sexes.
|Dark capped bulbul||Sombre Greenbul
|Yellow Bellied Greenbul||Livingstons Turauco|
|Purple Crested Turauco||Green Backed Camaroptera||Olive Breasted Sunbird||Collared Sunbird|
|Southern Boubou||Red Chested Cuckoo||Natal Robin||Brown Scrub Robin|
|Chorister Robin||Yellow Billed Kite||White Fronted Plover||Burchells Coucal|
|Grey Waxbill||Forest Weaver||Pigmy Kingfisher||Collared Sunbird|
|Palm Nut Vulture
|White breasted Cormorant||Water Thick Knee
|Saddle Billed Stork
|Wooly Necked Stork||Grey Heron||Purple Heron||Goliath Heron|
|Black Headed Heron||Black Winged Stilt||Rufous Napped Lark||Cape Longclaw|
|Rosy Throated Longclaw||Whiskered Tern
|Common Ringed Plover||Kitlitz’s Plover
|Three Banded Plover|
|Whitefronted Plover||Common Sand Piper||Ruddy Turnstone||Yellow Billed Duck|
|Red Billed Teal||Western Osprey||African Finfoot||Greater Flamingo|
|Pied Kingfisher||Malachite Kingfisher||Crowned Hornbill||Trumpeter Hornbill|
|African Fish Eagle||Martial Eagle||Hammerkop||Spurwinged Goose|
|Wattled Lapwing||Blacksmith Lapwing||Pied Avocet||Red Knobbed Koot|
|Little Grebe||Egyptian Goose||Black Collared Barbet||White Eared Barbet|
|Lemon Breasted Canary||Dusky Indigo Bird
|Pels Fishing Owl
|Latin||English||Zulu||Points of interest noted|
|Grewia Flavescens||Sandpaper Raisin||iLalanyathi / iKlolo|
|Tarenna||amaBamba/uMuthi-caShaka/ukuKulaketelo-lehlathi/||junoidii / pavettoides / supra-axillaris / littoralis|
|Garcinia Gerrardii||Forest Mangosteen||isiBinda / isiKhwelamfene||Check for Garcinia Livingstonei|
|Mimusops caffra||Coastal Red Milkwood||umNole|
|Mimusops obovata||Red Milkwood||umPhumbulu||Caterpillers defoliate leaves in Autumn by spinning webs over|
|Rauvolfia Caffra||Quinine Tree||umHlambamanzi / umKhadluvungu|
|Tabernaemontana Elegans||Toad Tree||umKhadlu / umKahlwana|
|Commiphora neglecta||Green stem corkwood||uMinyela /isiNgankomo||Think we should find Comm harveyii as well|
|Bridelia Micrantha||Mitzeeri / Coastal golden leaf||umShonge / umHlahle / umHlalamagwababa|
|Natal Bamboo as per guide|
|Monanthotaxis Caffra||Dwaba berry||umaVumba|
|Bauhinia Tomentosa||Yellow Tree Bauhinia||isiThibathibana|
|Sideroxylon inerme||White Milkwood||aMasethole-amahlope|
|Camp Raisin as per guide|
|Strychnos decussata||Cape Teak|
|Strychnos gerrardi||Black Monkey Orange||umGuluguhla||sure many of the other species also there|
|Syzgium cordatum||Water berry||umDoni|
|Clerodendrum Glabrum||Cats Whiskers||umQoqonga / uPhehlecwathi|
|Diospyros inhacaensis||Zulu Jackel Berry||isiThomani / umHlayane emnyama||Most of the other species should also occur here|
|Ochna Natalitia||Mickey Mouse Bush||umBovu||not sure which one, but suspecct more than one occur here|
|Xylotheca Kraussiana||African Dog Rose||umBalekani / isiShwashwa|
|Dalbergia Armata||Thorny Rope / Monkey Rope||umHluhluwe / uThathawe|
|Dalbergia obovata||Climbing Flat Bean||uDukuku|
|Albizia adianthifolia||Flat Crown||umBhelebhele / iGowane||check for anthelmintica and forbesii|
|Cussonia ???||Cabbage Tree||umSenge||Could be arenicola / spicata / sphaerocephala / zuluensis|
|Dracaena Aletriformis||Large leafed Dragon Tree||iGonsi-lehlathi / iThokothoko|
|Trema Orientalis||Pigeon Wood||uBathini / umSekeseke|
|Deinbolia oblongifolia||Dunesoap-berry||uMuthiweza-thutha plus many others|
|Psychotria Capensis||Black Bird Berry||iZele / isiThitibala|
|Kraussia Floribunda||Rhino Coffee||uTholomba|
|Scadoxis ????||Paint Brush / Blood Flower||need to see which one it is, prob find all there||Had moth in tongue|
|Chrysanthemoides monilifera||Bush Tick Berry||umTholombe|
|Brachylaena discolor||Coast Silver Oak||umPahla / umDuli|
|Scelerocarya birrea||Marula||The Marula Fruit is very juicy and aromatic and is the size of a small plum. It may be eaten fresh and the flesh has an extremely high vitamin C content. It may also be cooked to produce jam, juices and alcoholic beverages. The skin of the fruit can be boiled to make a drink or burnt to be used as a substitute for coffee. The wood is soft and used for carving; the inner bark can be used to make rope. Archaeological sites have shown Marula fruit to be used as a food source since ancient times by Africa’s tribes. The bark can also be used to make a light brown dye. Marula trees are dioecious, which means they have a specific gender. This fact contributes to the belief among the Venda that bark infusions can be used to determine the gender of an unborn child. If a woman wants a son the male tree is used, and for a daughter, the female tree. If the child of the opposite gender is born, the child is said to be very special as it was able to defy the spirits. Large Saturniid Caterpillars are gathered from this tree for roasting as well as the larvae of the Cerambycid Wood Boring Beetle. Inside the flesh are one or two very small tasty nuts which are rich in protein. Oil is used as a skin cosmetic. Their green leaves are eaten to relieve heartburn. The bark contains antihistamines and is also used for cleansing by steeping in boiling water and inhaling the steam. A piece of bark is crushed into a pulp, mixed with cold water and swallowed in the treatment of dysentery and diarrhoea. The bark also is used as a malaria prophylactic|